Memgraph uses SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) protocol for establishing an authenticated and encrypted connection to a database instance.
Achieving a secure connection is a three-step process that requires
- Owning a SSL certificate
- Configuring the server
- Enabling SSL connection
For any errors that might come up, check out the Help center page on errors.
SSL certificate is a pair of
.pem documents issued by self-signing, or by a
Certification Authority. Memgraph contains a self-signed testing certificate
key.pem) located at
If you are using Docker and want to use your own certificates, you need to copy them into a Docker container in order to utilize them.
Configure the server
To use a certain SSL certificate, change the configuration file to include the
--bolt-key-file flags and set them to the location of
the certification files.
If you are using the Memgraph self-signed certificate, set the configuration flags to:
When using Linux, be sure that the user
memgraph has permissions (400) to
access the files.
Once the flags are included in the configuration, you cannot establish an insecure connection.
Enable SSL connection
- Memgraph Lab
To enable SSL connection in Memgraph Lab, switch to Connect Manually view and turn the SSL on.
When Memgraph Lab is connected to MemgraphDB using SSL encryption, logs cannot be viewed inside the Lab.
When starting mgconsol include the
--use-ssl=true flag. Flag can also be
explicitly set to
false if needed.
When working with Memgraph Platform, you should pass configuration flags inside
of environment variables as a part of the
docker run command, for example:
docker run -it -p 7687:7687 -p 7444:7444 -p 3000:3000 -v mg_lib:/var/lib/memgraph -v mg_etc:/etc/memgraph -e MGCONSOLE="--use-ssl=true" memgraph/memgraph-platform
In all other cases passed them on as regular configuration flags.
For example, if you are starting mgconsole on Linux:
mgconsole --host 127.0.0.1 --port 7687 --use-ssl=true
or if you are using
memgraph-mage Docker images:
docker run -it -p 7687:7687 -p 7444:7444 -p 3000:3000 -v mg_lib:/var/lib/memgraph -v mg_etc:/etc/memgraph memgraph/memgraph-mage --use-ssl=true
+ssc to the UNI when defining a
MEMGRAPH_URI = 'bolt+ssc://18.104.22.168:7687'.
Use pymgclient, and add
sslmode=mgclient.MG_SSLMODE_REQUIRE to the
Use mgclient, and add set the
Use the Neo4j driver for Go, and add
to the UNI:
Use the Bolt protocol library by stefanak-michal and add the following code
'passphrase' => 'bolt',
'allow_self_signed' => true,
'verify_peer' => false,
'verify_peer_name' => false
Use the Neo4j.Driver.Simple, and add
+ssc to the UNI:
Use the Neo4j driver for Java and add
+ssc to the UNI:
Use mgclient, and add
SSLMode::Require to the
WebSocket over SSL is currently not supported in Memgraph.