Skip to main content
Version: Unreleased 🚧

Managing Pulsar streams

If you are not familiar with Pulsar, then please check out their site to get a better understanding. In the documentation, we assume that a Pulsar cluster is available on the 6650 port of the local machine (127.0.0.1:6650). Please adjust your setup accordingly.

note

For detailed technical information on streaming support, check out the reference guide.

Configuring Memgraph

You need to provide a service URL so Memgraph can locate the Pulsar cluster. The service URL can be set using the configuration flag --pulsar-service-url.

Creating the stream

The very first step is to make sure at least one transformation module is loaded into Memgraph. If you are not sure how to define them, check out the transformation module guide. We will use transformation.my_pulsar_transformation from that example, but we are going to alias it as my.pulsar_transform to make the size of result tables slimmer. For the topic name, we are going to use topic1.

CREATE PULSAR STREAM myStream
TOPICS topic1
TRANSFORM my.pulsar_transform;

Check the created stream:

SHOW STREAMS;

The result should be similar to:

+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| name | type | batch_interval | batch_size | transformation_name | owner | is running |
+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| "myStream" | "pulsar" | Null | Null | "my.pulsar_transform" | Null | false |
+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+

The result contains the most important information about the existing streams, e.g., its name, topics it is subscribed to, etc.

Check if the stream is working

warning

CHECK STREAM only works for single non-partitioned topic consumers. The next examples will fail if your Pulsar stream source consumes multiple topics or from a partitioned topic.

Maybe at first, you don't want to run the stream in the background but see the actual result of the transformation. This can be handy when implementing a transformation. To achieve that, we can use the CHECK STREAM query. This query will consume the message from the last acknowledged message but won't acknowledge the next message. That means you are free to play around with it, and there won't be any permanent effects. For a freshly created stream, there is probably no acknowledged message, so the CHECK STREAM query will wait for new messages. By default, the query will wait 30000 milliseconds ( 30 seconds) and after that, it will throw a timeout exception. To give us some more time, use a larger timeout, e.g.: 60000 milliseconds ( 60 seconds):

CHECK STREAM myStream TIMEOUT 60000;

If you started the query, let's send some messages to the topic. You should see a similar output:

+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| query | parameters |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| "CREATE (n:MESSAGE {payload: $payload, topic: $topic})" | {payload: "Example message 1", topic: "topic1"} |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+---------------------------

If you want to consume more batches, you can also increase the batch limit:

CHECK STREAM myStream BATCH_LIMIT 3 TIMEOUT 60000;

As a result, you should see multiple messages (probably 3) in the output:

+---------------------------------------------------------------+--------------------------------------------------+
| query | parameters |
+---------------------------------------------------------------+--------------------------------------------------+
| "CREATE (n:MESSAGE {payload: $payload, topic: $topic})" | {payload: "Memgraph <3 Pulsar", topic: "topic1"} |
| "CREATE (n:MESSAGE {payload: $payload, topic: $topic})" | {payload: "Example message 2", topic: "topic1"} |
| "CREATE (n:MESSAGE {payload: $payload, topic: $topic})" | {payload: "Example message 3", topic: "topic1"} |
+---------------------------------------------------------------+--------------------------------------------------+

Start the stream

As we just demonstrated that the stream is working, we can start to ingest data into the database by starting the stream and sending some messages to the topic.

START STREAM myStream;

After sending a few messages to the topic, the created vertices can be checked by executing MATCH (n: MESSAGE) RETURN n:

+----------------------------------------------------------+
| n |
+----------------------------------------------------------+
| (:MESSAGE {payload: "first message", topic: "topic1"}) |
| (:MESSAGE {payload: "another message", topic: "topic1"}) |
| (:MESSAGE {payload: "it is working!", topic: "topic1"}) |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Acknowledging messages

After each message is processed, the stream will acknowledge them. If the stream is stopped using the STOP STREAM myStream query (or by shutting Memgraph down), next time the stream is started, it will continue processing the message from the last acknowledged message.