Memgraph supports extending the query language with user-written procedures. These procedures are grouped into modules, which can then be loaded on startup.
Loading query modules
Upon startup, Memgraph will attempt to load the query modules form all
*.py files it finds in the default (
If you want to change the directory in which Memgraph searches for query
modules, just change the
--query-modules-directory flag in the main
configuration file (
/etc/memgraph/memgraph.conf) or supply it as
a command-line parameter (e.g. when using Docker).
Syntax for calling procedures
OpenCypher has a special syntax for calling procedures in loaded query modules:
CALL module.procedure(arg1, arg2, ...) YIELD res1, res2, ...;
Each procedure returns zero or more records, where each record contains named
YIELD part is used to select fields we are interested in. If we
are not interested in any fields, the
YIELD part can be omitted.
Procedures may be called standalone as the above, or as a part of a larger query. This is useful if we want the procedure to work on data the query is producing. For example:
MATCH (node) CALL module.procedure(node) YIELD result RETURN *;
When we use
CALL in a larger query, we have to explicitly
RETURN from the query to get the results. Naturally, the
RETURN is not
needed if we perform updates after
CALL. This follows the openCypher
convention that read-only queries need to end with a
RETURN, while queries
which update something don't need to
If a procedure returns a record with a field name that may clash with some variable we already have in a query, that field name can be aliased into some other name. For example:
MATCH (node) CALL module.procedure(42) YIELD node AS result RETURN *;
Controlling procedure memory usage
When running a procedure, Memgraph controls the maximum memory usage that the
procedure may consume during its execution. By default, the upper memory limit
when running a procedure is
100 MB. If your query procedure requires more
memory to be able to yield its results, you can increase the memory limit using
the following syntax:
CALL module.procedure(arg1, arg2, ...) PROCEDURE MEMORY LIMIT 100 KB YIELD res1, res2, ...;
CALL module.procedure(arg1, arg2, ...) PROCEDURE MEMORY LIMIT 100 MB YIELD res1, res2, ...;
CALL module.procedure(arg1, arg2, ...) PROCEDURE MEMORY UNLIMITED YIELD res1, res2, ...;
The limit can either be specified to a specific value (either in
KB or in
MB), or it can be set to unlimited.
Implementing custom query modules
Query modules can be implemented by either using the C API or Python API provided by Memgraph.
Modules implemented using the C API need to be compiled to a shared library
.so file), so they can be loaded when Memgraph starts. The C API is well
documented in the
/usr/include/memgraph/mg_procedure.h header and in the
Modules implemented using the Python API need to be written in Python version
3.5.0 and above. The Python API is well documented in the
/usr/lib/memgraph/python_support/mgp.py file and in the
WARNING: If your programming language of choice throws exceptions, these exceptions must never leave the scope of your module! You should have a top level exception handler which returns with an error value and potentially logs the error message. Exceptions which cross the module boundary will cause all sorts of unexpected issues.
For a more detailed example on how to implement your own query modules, we suggest you take a look at the Implement custom query modules guide.
Query modules provided by Memgraph
The following query modules have been implemented by the Memgraph team. Note that some of them are only available in Memgraph's Enterprise offering.
mg: Utility module that offers more insight into custom query modules.
louvain[Enterprise]: Louvain algorithm for community detection.
connectivity[Enterprise]: Algorithms that analyse graph connectivity.
nxalg: Wrapper functions providing the most common algorithms found in the NetworkX package. The users can extend the module with their own custom functions based on NetworkX algorithms.
graph_analyzer: Module that offers more insights about the stored graph. To get a detailed list of provided functionalities within this module run
CALL graph_analyzer.help() YIELD *;.
wcc: Module that offers analysis of weakly connected components.
NOTE: If you intend to implement your custom algorithms based on the NetworkX
package, please note that we provide the extra library
containing data structures that adapt the native graph for use with NetworkX
algorithms. It can be used to implement custom algorithms with the added
benefit of better memory usage.
The utility module offers the following functionality:
mg.procedures() :: (name :: STRING, signature :: STRING): Lists loaded procedures and their signatures.
mg.load(module_name :: STRING) :: (): Loads or reloads the given module.
mg.load_all() :: (): Loads or reloads all modules.
To get a detailed list of all procedures from all modules, run the following query:
CALL mg.procedures() YIELD *;